Field Artillery

King of Battle

Out of sight, but rarely out of range, Guard heavy weapon experts give ground forces the gift of superior firepower. Artillery specialists embed with ground forces, using laser rangefinders to send targets up for calculation. Cannon and rocket crews stand ready to shoot, raining fire and steel on targets over 15 miles away. 

Job training for Field Artillery soldiers consists of ten weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT) plus 4-8 weeks of Advanced Individual Training, depending on your specialty. For some jobs, these will be combined into One Station Unit Training (OSUT). You will learn essential Soldiering and warrior skills, spending time in the field and classroom.

Military Occupational Specialties

13B Cannon Crewmember
As part of the artillery team, Cannon Crewmembers operate howitzers – heavy artillery cannons with single-barrel firing capability used to support infantry and tank units in combat. Crewmembers identify target locations, maintain communications with scouts and other combat units, and operate weapons, ammunition and support vehicles. 

13F Fire Support Specialist
Artillery are weapons that fire large ammunition or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. The Fire Support Specialist is primarily responsible for intelligence activities such as target processing, using computers or manual calculations, laser range finders and night observation devices to determine target location. 

13J Fire Control Specialist
The Fire Control Specialist integrates and processes tactical battlefield information from multiple users and sensors through a network of Army and joint automated battle command systems. 

13R Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator
“Firefinder” is the name given to highly specialized machines that detect mortars, planes and other objects by using radio or sound waves to determine their location. The Firefinder Radar Operator uses radar to detect opposing forces or weapons and alert defensive units.

13T Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember
As a member of the artillery team, the Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember works with weapons that fire large ammunition or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmembers monitor weather conditions and patterns and provide firing position data, schematic sketches and astronomic observations so units can fire and launch missiles accurately. They also operate and perform maintenance on survey/meteorological equipment, vehicles and weapons.

Artillery Slang

Battery A, NJ Artillery, prepares to leave East Orange for Sea Girt and World War I in 1917.

Although the concept seems crude and simple, placing artillery rounds on targets several miles away isactually quite complicated. Here is a list of commonly used terms by the Guard’s Kings of the Battlefield:

  • AIR BURST: Anti-personnel rounds that explode in the air to maximize their effective radius.
  • ARTY: Slang for “artillery”.
  • BATTERY: A basic artillery unit consisting of 3 to 6 cannons, all of the same caliber.
  • BATTERY-ONE: When all pieces in a battery fire in unison.
  • FIRE-FOR-EFFECT: The continuous firing of a battery’s cannon, sustained until a cease-fire or check-fire is called.
  • “SHOT!”: Slang to let the forward observer know his fire mission is on the way.
  • “SPLASH!”: Slang that signals incoming shells are 10 seconds away.
  • TREE BURST: When a shell explodes above the ground, usually because it strikes a tree or other object.
  • VOLLEY: The firing of each artillery piece in a battery.
  • WALKING BARRAGE: Firing between friendly forces and the enemy to provide protection while moving the impact point toward the enemy in order to drive him back.

3-112th field artillery

The 3rd Battalion of the 112th Field Artillery Regiment is headquartered in Morristown, NJ.  It is the Direct Support Field Artillery Battalion for the 44th Infantry Brigade Combat Team. Battery A is also located in Morristown. Battery B is located in Flemington, Battery C is in Toms River, and the Fire Support Detachment is located in Freehold.