Getting ready for dinner at Sea Girt in 1917. A row of ambulances is on the left.
Medical Service Corps
Clinical Psychologists are commissioned as Medical Service Corps (MSC) officers with the Army Medical Department (AMEDD). Clinical Psychologists conduct a number of important duties in National Guard which include applying psychological principles, theories, methods, and techniques through direct patient services, consultation, education, and research in problems of human effectiveness, adjustment, and emotional disturbance in medical and other settings.
National Guard Clinical Psychologists have the possibility of obtaining unique training such as attending the Aeromedical Psychology Short Course, AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course, and undertaking postdoctoral fellowships in areas such as neuropsychology, child/pediatric psychology, health psychology, and clinical psychopharmacology.
In addition to the standard benefits, the National Guard offers additional incentives for Clinical Psychologists:
The Medical Service Corps Birthday
The U.S. Army Medical Service Corps was established in 1947, yet MSC officers celebrate the anniversary of their corps as 30 June 1917. Why?
The answer lies in the evolutionary history of the MSC, in which other dates could serve as a birthday. This began with appointment of an Apothecary General during the Revolution, and continued with establishment of an Ambulance Corps and U.S. Army Medical Storekeepers during the Civil War. In World War I, the requirement for a considerable number of officers who were neither physicians, dentists or veterinarians, resulted on 30 June 1917 in formation of “what, for lack of a better name, was called the Sanitary Corps.” This corps modernized the Medical Department with officers in a wide variety of administrative and scientific specialties, ranging from accounting, personnel, medical equipment repair, hospital design, medical supply, patient registrar, and adjutant; to bacteriology, parasitology, physiology, psychology, occupational therapy, sanitary engineering, x-ray, and nutrition. Positions included command of hospital and sanitation detachments, motorized ambulance companies and hospital trains.
After the war, the Sanitary Corps remained a component of the Army Reserve until 4 August 1947, when Congress consolidated it with the Medical Administrative Corps (established in 1920) and the Pharmacy Corps (established in 1943) to create the Medical Service Corps. The unbroken chain, from present day to 30 June 1917, links the Sanitary Corps as the oldest direct antecedent of the MSC and cause for celebrating its establishment as the MSC birthday.
For more information contact our AMEDD recruiter.