3-112th Field Artillery

Toms River, Flemington and Morristown, NJ

Soldiers from the 3-112th Field Artillery execute a 19-gun salute at the Governor's inauguration in Trenton. The unit dates its history back to the Revolutionary War. Records show that the unit took part in the battles of Trenton, Assunpink, Princeton and Monmouth.

Field Artillery

King of Battle

"A battery of field artillery is worth a thousand muskets" -
General William Tecumseh Sherman

Job training for Field Artillery soldiers consists of ten weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT) plus 4-8 weeks of Advanced Individual Training, depending on your specialty. For some jobs, these will be combined into One Station Unit Training (OSUT). You will learn essential Soldiering and warrior skills, spending time in the field and classroom.

While there is no job civilian equivalent for some artillery positions, your teamwork, discipline and leadership skills will help you in any civilian career you choose. Soldiers dealing with computer and communication systems can put their experience to use in technology-related jobs such as computer programming and consulting, telecommunication services, information technology support or data processing. And the experience gained from operating and servicing artillery pieces and other equipment will prepare you for a future in the mechanics repair industry. Senior Sergeants are most closely related to vital managers in a corporation.

Military Occupational Specialties

13B Cannon Crewmember
As part of the artillery team, Cannon Crewmembers operate howitzers - heavy artillery cannons with single-barrel firing capability used to support infantry and tank units in combat. Crewmembers identify target locations, maintain communications with scouts and other combat units, and operate weapons, ammunition and support vehicles.

13F Fire Support Specialist
Artillery are weapons that fire large ammunition or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. The Fire Support Specialist is primarily responsible for intelligence activities such as target processing, using computers or manual calculations, laser range finders and night observation devices to determine target location.

13J Fire Control Specialist
The Fire Control Specialist integrates and processes tactical battlefield information from multiple users and sensors through a network of Army and joint automated battle command systems.

13R Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator
"Firefinder" is the name given to highly specialized machines that detect mortars, planes and other objects by using radio or sound waves to determine their location. The Firefinder Radar Operator uses radar to detect opposing forces or weapons and alert defensive units.

13T Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember
As a member of the artillery team, the Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember works with weapons that fire large ammunition or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmembers monitor weather conditions and patterns and provide firing position data, schematic sketches and astronomic observations so units can fire and launch missiles accurately. They also operate and perform maintenance on survey/meteorological equipment, vehicles and weapons.

14G Air Defense Battle Management System Operator
An Air Defense Battle Management System Operator plays an important role in the Army's air defense artillery team. Radar and missile defense warning systems guard against attack from space and the Air Defense Battle Management System Operator is essential in the operations of those defenses. The systems operator would work with equipment like Sentinel Radar and ADAM Cell equipment including the Air and Missile Defense Warning System, the Air Defense Systems Integrator, the Tactical Airspace Integration System, and the Forward Area Air Defense System Engagement Operations system.

Artillery Slang

Although the concept seems crude and simple, placing artillery rounds on targets several miles away is actually quite complicated. Here is a list of commonly used terms by the Guard's Kings of the Battlefield:

Battery A, NJ Artillery, prepares to leave East Orange for
Sea Girt and World War I in 1917.
  • AIR BURST: Anti-personnel rounds that explode in the air to maximize their effective radius
  • ARTY: Slang for “artillery”
  • BATTERY: A basic artillery unit consisting of 3 to 6 cannons, all of the same caliber
  • BATTERY-ONE: When all pieces in a battery fire in unison
  • FIRE-FOR-EFFECT: The continuous firing of a battery’s cannon, sustained until a cease-fire or check-fire is called
  • “SHOT!”: Slang to let the forward observer know his fire mission is on the way
  • “SPLASH!”: Slang that signals incoming shells are 10 seconds away
  • TREE BURST: When a shell explodes above the ground, usually because it strikes a tree or other object
  • VOLLEY: The firing of each artillery piece in a battery
  • WALKING BARRAGE: Firing between friendly forces and the enemy to provide protection while moving the impact point toward the enemy in order to drive him back

Soldiers with C Battery, 3-112th Fires Battalion, from Toms River, NJ set up an M777A2 Lightweight 155mm Howitzer during convoy operation lane training at Fort Pickett, Va. The howitzer is also known as the “Triple Seven.”
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