Overseas Training

Hohenfels, Germany

Two New Jersey Army National Guard Soldiers discuss security while an Armenian army commander reviews notes during a Military Advisor Team (MAT) and Police Advisor Team (PAT) training exercise at the Hohenfels Training Area in Hohenfels, Germany.


Defend and Serve

Job training for Soldiers in the Administrative Field consists of ten weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT) plus 7-12 weeks of Advanced Individual Training (AIT) depending on your specialty. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field. Based on your job, your training might include basic typing, creating military correspondence, records management, or you could be learning to operate audio or photographic equipment while creating, editing and distributing news and programming for military TV, radio, newspaper and media about the Guard's involvement in missions in every state and territory and around the world. You can also use your musical talents as a member of the 63rd Army Band.

The Guard maintains all kinds of records and paperwork while helping Soldiers manage and develop their Guard careers. The skills you learn in the Administrative branch, from filing to computer technologies and general career and office management will help you find jobs in the accounting, auditing, legal, and human resource fields and virtually any office situation. Public Affairs specialists will be able to use their skills in the news, broadcast, sports, communications, public relations and publishing fields.

Military Occupational Specialties

42A Human Resources Specialist
Human Resources (HR) Specialists help Soldiers develop their Guard careers, and provide personnel support to all Guard divisions. HR Specialists’ duties include maintaining personnel records, coordinating evaluations and promotions, and processing recommendations for awards and decorations. They also oversee Soldier requests for ID cards and tags, leaves of absence and passes.

42R Army Bandsperson
Music plays an important role in the Army. Members of Army Bands are involved in the vibrant tradition of performing at Army ceremonies, parades, concerts, festivals, dances and many other events. Musicians perform in a variety of ensembles ranging from ceremonial band to jazz band to small ensembles, playing all styles of music. Learn more.

46S Public Affairs Mass Communications Specialist
Public Affairs Specialists help create and disseminate the Guard’s stories through all forms of mass communications.

56M Chaplain Assistant
Chaplain Assistants are members of the Chaplain Corps. While National Guard Chaplains provide for the spiritual needs of Soldiers, Chaplain Assistants provide much-needed support to the Chaplains during missions and everyday activities. A Chaplain Assistant primarily provides support for the Unit Ministry Team worship services, and may also coordinate programs and ministry activities, maintain physical security of Chaplains and ministry facilities and vestments, and train Soldiers about different religions, cultures and customs.

History of the Adjutant General Corps

The lineage of the Adjutant General's Corps dates back nearly as far as the Army which it has honorably served for over 200 years. On June 16, 1775, the Continental Congress appointed Horatio Gates, a former British Army major, as the first Adjutant General and commissioned him in the grade of Brigadier General. With that appointment, the second oldest existing branch of the Army received its birthright. Horatio Gates is honored as the forefather of the Adjutant General's Corps. Historically, he was the second officer to receive a commission in the Continental Army (George Washington was the first). General Gates' primary duty was to serve as key advisor and principal assistant to General Washington. Horatio Gates proved himself to be an able assistant as well as a brilliant field commander. Under his leadership, the Continental Army won the Battle of Saratoga--considered by many to be the most critical battle of the Revolutionary War. Following his strategic victory over the British, the Congress awarded General Gates our country's highest honor, the Congressional Gold Medal.

During the War of 1812, Adjutant Generals proved themselves to be officers of exceptional character, judgment, and combat prowess. Two men in particular who served as the Adjutant General during this period rose to prominence. Alexander Macomb is noted for repulsing the British in the Battle of Plattsburg and later becoming the Commanding General of the Army. The famous explorer Zebulon Pike was killed in battle while leading the victorious assault on York, Canada.

SGT Sherwood Goodenough from the 444th Mobile
Public Affairs Det in Lawrenceville, NJ is interviewed
by CNN's Erin Burnett.

With the appointment of Brevet Brigadier General Roger Jones in 1825, the office began its climb in importance to the Army. During his tenure, General Jones molded the office of the Adjutant General into the central bureau of the War Department. Adjutants General became the only officers invested with the authority to speak for the commander.

Recognizing this, the Army began appointing West Point graduates almost exclusively as Adjutants General from 1839 through the early 1900's. The first two graduates so appointed, Samuel Cooper and Lorenzo Thomas, served with distinction as Adjutants General during the Civil War. Cooper served the South, and Thomas served the North.

By the onset of the Spanish-American War, The Adjutant General's Office had evolved as the central coordinating bureau in the Army. Strengthening military organization has been the legacy of the Adjutants General from one era to another. Major General William H. Carter, under the able direction of Secretary of War Elihu Root, bolstered that legacy by designing the modern general staff. The relationships between The Adjutant General's Department and this newly-organized general staff took several years of refinement as some functions were transferred and others were duplicated.

During World War II, more than 15,000 officers, soldiers, and civilians served in the Office of the Adjutant General. By the end of the war, the Adjutant General's Corps processed more than six million soldiers back into civilian life. In what has been described as one of the most successful administrative tasks ever carried out, the AG Corps processed nearly one-half million discharges a month in accomplishing this difficult mission.

Through the years, functions developed by the Adjutant General have evolved into independent staff agencies. The Inspector General, The Provost Marshal, The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, and the Chief of Military History all owe their foundations to The Adjutants General of the past. Through its entire history the mission of the Adjutant General's Corps has remained constant and clear: to assist the commander in war and peace, and be the vanguard of personnel support to the Army.

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